Panduri – if you Google this, a Romanian football team May pop out… However, it’s a three-stringed Georgian plucked instrument. It’s body and fingerboard are made of one piece of local wood. Its strings are tuned A-C#-E or G-A-C. The predecessor of this instrument was most likely a Greek pandura already known in the 4th century BC. Before the 10th century different forms of panduri were known also in neighboring countries: in Armenia, as pandrini, in Persia as tanburi, in Ukraine as bandura, in Arabia as tonburi. Among European instruments, panduri is similar to gitterna. In Georgia, depending on the region, there are many different variations of its shape, size and ornaments decorating the instrument, one of them is chonguri with an additional fourth string. In the Georgian tradition panduri was widespread, especially among highlanders and shepherds. It could be spotted in houses, hanging in a prominent place. The value of a well-made instrument was equal to one sheep. Panduri was used to accompany heroic songs, religious ceremonies and also weddings, dances and feasts. When one of the members of a family died, no sound of panduri was heard in the house for one year. The head of the family used it to end the time of mourning. Then, panduri was given to the next person
Saz – (also bağlama) traditional Turkish seven-stringed plucked instrument with a characteristic, very long fingerboard and bound frets. Its different types are popular in also in Iran (setar), Armenia, Azerbaijan. In a similar form it is known since the 8th century. It is related to Bulgarian tambura or Greek bouzouki. The 7 strings are tuned in octaves, in three groups, for example: 2xG, 2xD and 3xA. The additional frets may be used to achieve microtones, which are characteristic to Arabic music.
Bałałajka – (ros. bałabajka) it’s an instrument from the 17th century, but its tender sound takes the listener right into the past. The contemporary bałałajka comes from Russia and Ukraine, it was taken however from the Tatars or Kazakhs. There are also alto bałałajkas, as well as bass or even contrabass versions. All of them became parts of russian national orchestras.
Kobza – during renovation.

Kemenche – (tur. kemençe from persian kamancheh, which means „small bow”) – a string instrument with three strings, it comes from Turkey, known also in Greece and Iran pochodzący z Turcji, ale znany także w Grecji i Iranie. Related to Byzantine lyre. Today two variants are popular. The first is a longitudinal (approx. 55cm) kemenche from the region of the Black Sea, which you play with a bow (yay) holding the neck „in the air” with your left hand. The second is smaller (approx. 40cm) and pear-shaped classical kemenche (karadeniz kemençesi), which you play using nail technique, sitting, holding the instrument vertically on your left knee and chest. Sometimes also between your knees. The classical kemenche was most commonly made of one piece of plum wood. Most musicians played using two strings at the same time, one of them being a drone string. They used many ornaments, original harmonies and microtones.
Jouhikko – an instrument from the string lira genre, known in Europe in different variants. This type comes from deep Scandinavia – Finland. Traditionally its bow and strings are made of horsehair. The strings are pressed with the outside of your fingers. Our specimen was made by Łukasz Hołuj.
Maryna – a popular bass instrument from the northern Wielkopolska. The original is in the Popular Instruments Museum in Szydłowiec. Our specimen was made for our order by Tomasz Czypul. Link
On the other hand, the prototype may be a very unusual instrument known between the 12th and 18th century: a 2,2 m high Tuba Maryna or Tromba Marina, Angelic Horn. In France known as Trompette Marine, in England as Trumpet Marine, in Germany as Trumscheit, Marientrompete, Trompetengeige, Nonnentrompete, Nonnengeige. Link
Viella – (fr. vielle, ger. fiedel, en. fiddle, sp. vihuela) the earliest of the preserved illustrations and sculptures showing this family of instruments come from the 10th and 11th centuries. Viella, in the course of its evolution, replaced the rebab and along the way with the viola, became the prototype of today's violins. Viellas came in a variety of shapes, from oval, angular to figure eight-like. Most often they had 5 gut strings (e.g. d, G, g, d ', d') including 1 drone. In Poland, a similar instrument from 14th century was discovered in Elbląg. The manufacturer of our copy of the viella is Hubert Połoniewicz from Gdańsk.
Link1, Link 2, Link 3

Baraban – (ros. Барабан) a popular drum played both hands with drumsticks. Often equipped with a cymbal. The membrane is made of goat’s skin. Our baraban is mixed with Panderu – a square hand drum from Morocco, known also in Galicia and on the Iberian Peninsula. In Morocco Panderu is used by street musicians as an accompanying instrument while telling stories. It is played with fingers, holding it with your both hands above your head or with a drumstick, when it lies on your knee. Strings are stretched on its rim, so as to add another tone.
Davul – a big drum known under various names (tupan, doli) in Turkey, Iran and almost whole Balkans. On the bass side it’s played with a wooden drumstick, on the other with a longer "baton". Its membrane is most often made with goat’s or sheep’s skin, adjusted with a rope, pegs or movable leather "beads". Naciąg najczęściej ze skóry koziej i owczej, regulowany sznurem, kołkami lub przesuwanymi skórzanymi Our specimen is 22" in diameter and was made for us by a German luthier Stefan Pietschmann.
Drumsframe drums and shamanic drums with membrane made of goat’s skin. The history of these drums goes back to the biblical Times, they were known practically All around the globe and among all cultures. In hands of a true shaman, it is almost a magic thing.
Other percussions - including jingles, shakers, knocker, janissaries – a percussion instrument in shape of a row of little bells, originally tied to horse harnesses. In our band, tied to the drummers ankle, it takes the role of crash from the drum set. We also have an arabic type of castanets called kakebs (qraqeb).
Bumbas also known as ozembuch (Slovakia), pogocello, stump fiddle, boom-ba, boom bass, hum strum, stomp stick. A stick with some percussion stuff, often decorated with a devil’s motive on its top. In contrast to polish Devilish Violin it doesn’t have strings.

Recorder – (sp. flauta, it. fiauto, ger. Flöte, Fleite, fr. flûte douce) – an internal duct flute. The oldest representation of the recorder comes from the area of today’s France, from the 11th century. The oldest museum specimen comes from Germany, 12th century. In contrast to earlier pipes, these are instruments with a fixed scale and have 9 holes. First tractates that contain recorder fingerings are: "Musica getutscht" by Sebastian Virdnung from year 1511 and Opera institulata Fontegara by Silvestro di Ganassi from 1535. Those made of pear wood sound the best.

Jew’s-harp  – a steel forged instrument. Its name may have been twisted from jaw harp. Known for ages from Europe through Asia, Indochina to Alaska. Our specimen comes from Ukraine.
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